A lot of the Island has been mapped here in words. The Monsters, are keen on looking at words, and find it very interesting. The roots and developments of words and language can echo the roots and developments of humans, our history and geography, our threads of connection, and our way of understanding the world. Looking at the way a word has been formed is called etymology.
While I was on the Island, the Monsters encouraged me to collect my own selection of words and their meanings, to help me understand the journey I was on and the experiences I was having. I used a couple of the dictionaries in the big library in the Community. This could be done in different languages.
Here are some of the words I found. The definitions mostly come from the Concise Oxford English Dictionary but I have written them out in my own way, not necessarily including all the information the dictionary gives.
‘esp.’ is short for especially; n. is short for noun; v. is short for verb; adj. is short for adjective
I’ll continue to write more as I go along.
adj. (of a person, animal, plant etc.) living, not dead; (of a thing) existing, continuing, in operation or action; under discussion, provoking interest; (of a person or animal) lively, active; charged with an electric current, connected to a source of electricity; aware of, alert, or responsive to; swarming or teeming with, full of [Old English līfe (as A + LIFE)]
n. the condition which distinguishes active animals and plants from inorganic matter, including the capacity for growth, functional activity, and continual change preceding death… [Old English līf, from Germanic]
adj. essential to the existence or functioning of a thing; essential to the matter in hand, indispensable, extremely important; paramount, very great; of, concerned with, or essential to organic life; full of life or activity; n. the body’s vital organs e.g. the heart and brain [Latin vitalis, from vita – life]
n. liveliness, animation; the ability to sustain life, vital power; (of an institution, language etc.) the ability to endure and perform its functions [as vital]
adj. having life; lively; v. enliven, make lively; give life to; inspire, actuate, encourage; give (a film, cartoon figure etc.) the appearance of movement using animation techniques [Latin animatus, from animare – give life to, from anima – life, soul]
n. vivacity, ardour; the state of being alive; in cinematography – the technique of filming successivbe drawings or positions of puppets or models to create an illusion of movement when the film is shown as a sequence [as animate]
n. the time when the foetus starts to move inside the mother’s womb
v. make or become quicker, accelerate; give life or vigour to, rouse, animate, stimulate; (of a woman) reach the stage in pregnancy when movements of the foetus can be felt; (of a foetus) begin to show signs of life; archaic – kindle, make (a fire) burn brighter; come to life [as quick]
adj. taking only a short time; with only a short interval; lively, intelligent; acute, alert; (of a temper) easily aroused; archaic – living, alive; n. the soft flesh below the finger/toe nails, or the skin, or a sore; the seat of feeling or emotion [Old English cwic – alive, from Germanic]
n. the ability to disregard fear; bravery [Old French corage, from coeur, from Latin cor – heart ♥]
have the courage of one’s convictions – have the courage to act on one’s beliefs
pluck up courage – muster one’s courage
take one’s courage in both hands – nerve oneself to a venture
v. give courage, confidence, or hope to; urge, advise; stimulate by help, reward etc., promote or assist (an enterprise, opinion etc.) [as EN- put into or on, bring into the condition of, intensify + COURAGE]
v. deprive of courage, confidence or energy; dissuade; inhibit or seek to prevent (an action etc.) by showing disapproval; oppose [DIS- reversal, absence, removal, separation + COURAGE]
v. (of natural or historical forces) bring into existence, cause; (of a person or persons) make or cause; originate [Latin creare]
n. the act of creating, an instance of this; the creation of the universe regarded as an act of God, everything so created; a product of human intelligence esp. of imaginative thought or artistic ability [as create]
adj. inventive and imaginative; creating or able to create [as create]
v. (of a wound or injury) become sound or healthy again; cause (a wound, disease or person) to heal or be cured, or be made sound again; put right (differences etc.); alleviate (sorrow etc.) [Old English hœlan from Germanic: related to whole]
n. the state of being well in body and mind; a person’s mental or physical condition; soundness, esp. financial or moral; a toast drunk in someone’s honour [Old English hœlth, from Germanic]
adj. an unbroken, uninjured, intact, or undiminished state; not less than, all there is of, entire, complete; (of blood or milk etc.) with no part removed; n. a thing complete in itself; all there is of a thing; all members, inhabitants etc. [Old English hāl, from Germanic]
as a whole – as a unity, not as separate parts
n. a mental faculty forming images or concepts of external objects not present to the senses; the ability of the mind to be creative or resourceful; the process of imagining [Latin imaginatio, as imagine]
v. form a mental image or concept of; picture to oneself (something non-existent or not present to the senses); think or conceive; guess; suppose, be of the opinion; as an exclamation of surprise [Latin imaginari, as image]
n the representation of the external form of a person or object in drawing, painting, sculpture etc.; the character or reputation of a person or thing as generally perceived; an optical appearance or counterpart produced by light or other radiation from an object reflected in a mirror, refracted through a lense etc….
SPIRARE-Y WORDS [Latin spirare – breathe]
n. a suppose force or influence on poets, artists, musicians etc. stimulating creativity ideas etc.; a person, principal, faith etc. as a source of esp. artistic creativity or moral fervour; a similar divine influence…; a sudden, brilliant, creative or timely idea; a drawing in of breath, inhalation [see inspire]
v. stimulate or arouse (a person) to esp. creative activity or moral fervour; animate (a person) with a feeling; instil (a feeling) into a person etc.; create (a feeling) within a person; prompt; give rise to; (of a work of art etc.) as if prompted by or emanating from a supernatural source; characterised by inspiration; (of a guess) intuitive but accurate; breathe in (air etc.); inhale. [Latin inspirare – breathe in (as IN- in, on, towards, within + SPIRARE – breathe)]
n. a strong desire to achieve an end; an ambition; the act or process of drawing breath; the action of aspirating [see aspire]
v. have ambition or strong desire; poetical – rise high [Latin aspirare (as AD- with the sense of motion or direction to, addition, increase, intensification + SPIRARE – breathe)]
n. breathing out; expiry [see expire]
v.(of a period of time, validity etc.) come to an end; (of a document, authorisation etc.) cease to be valid, become void; (of a person, animal etc.) die; exhale (air etc.) from the lungs [Latin exspirare (EX- out, forth, thoroughly, remove or free from + SPIRARE – breathe)]
n. the vital animating essence of a person or animal; the intelligent non-physical part of a person; the soul [Old French esperit from Latin spiritus – breath , spirit, from spirare – breathe]
adj. of, for, or contributing to the cure of disease; contributing to general, esp. mental well-being
n. the branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of disease and the action of remedial agents [from Greek therapeutikos, from therapeuō – wait on, cure]
n. the treatment of physical or mental disorders, other than by surgery; a particular type of such treatment [from Greek therapeia – healing]